Homogeneous space

From Topospaces
Jump to: navigation, search
This article defines a property of topological spaces: a property that can be evaluated to true/false for any topological space|View a complete list of properties of topological spaces


Symbol-free definition

A topological space is said to be homogeneous if given any two points in it, there is a homeomorphism from the topological space to itself that maps the first point to the second. In other words, the self-homeomorphism group is transitive on the points of the topological space.

Definition with symbols

A topological space X is said to be homogeneous if it satisfies the following equivalent conditions:

  1. For any points x,y \in X, there is a homeomorphism \varphi:X \to X such that \varphi(x) = y.
  2. The self-homeomorphism group of X is transitive on X.


Extreme examples

  • The empty space is homogeneous for trivial reasons.
  • The one-point space is homogeneous for trivial reasons.
  • The discrete topology and trivial topology both give homogeneous spaces.

Mainstream examples


  • The closed interval [0,1] is not homogeneous, because there is no homeomorphism sending 0 to any point in the open interval (0,1).
  • A pair of intersecting lines is not homogeneous because every homeomorphism fixes the point of intersection.

Relation with other properties

Stronger properties

property quick description proof of implication proof of strictness (reverse implication failure) intermediate notions
Underlying space of topological group underlying space for a topological group underlying space of topological group implies homogeneous
Underlying space of T0 topological group underlying space for a T0 topological group
Connected manifold connected manifold implies homogeneous |FULL LIST, MORE INFO
Compactly homogeneous space