# Regular space

There are two alternative definitions of the term. Please see: Convention:Hausdorffness assumption

## Definition

A topological space is said to be regular if it satisfies the following equivalent conditions:

No. Shorthand A topological space is said to be regular if ... A topological space  is said to be regular if ...
1 separation of point and closed subset not containing it given any point and a closed subset not containing it, there are disjoint open subsets containing them. given any point  and closed subset  such that , there exist disjoint open subsets  of  such that , and .
2 open neighborhood contains closure of smaller open neighborhood given any point and an open subset containing it, there is an open subset containing the point whose closure lies in the original open subset. given any point  and open subset  such that , there exists an open subset  such that  and the closure  is contained in .
3 separation of compact subset and closed subset given a compact subset and a closed subset that are disjoint, there are disjoint open subsets containing them. given any two subsets  such that ,  is compact and  is closed, there exist disjoint open subsets  of  such that , and .
4 basis element contains closure of smaller basis element (fix a choice of basis of open subsets) given any point and a basis open subset containing it, there is a basis open subset containing the point whose closure lies in the original open subset. given any point  and a basis open subset  such that , there exists a basis open subset  such that  and the closure  is contained in .
5 basis element contains closure of smaller open subset (fix a choice of basis of open subsets) given any point and a basis open subset containing it, there is an open subset containing the point whose closure lies in the original open subset. given any point  and a basis open subset  such that , there exists an open subset  such that  and the closure  is contained in .
6 open subset contains basis element (fix a choice of basis of open subsets) given any point and an open subset containing it, there is a basis open subset containing the point whose closure lies in the original open subset. given any point  and an open subset  such that , there exists a basis open subset  such that  and the closure  is contained in .

Outside of point-set topology, the term regular space is often used for a regular Hausdorff space, which is the same thing as a regular T1 space. This convention is, however, eschewed by point-set topologists.

This article defines a property of topological space that is pivotal (viz important) among currently studied properties of topological spaces

View a complete list of basic definitions in topology

## Relation with other properties

### Stronger properties

Property Meaning Proof of implication Proof of strictness (reverse implication failure) Intermediate notions
metrizable space underlying topological space of a metric space Completely regular space, Monotonically normal space, Moore space, Normal Hausdorff space, Regular Hausdorff space, Tychonoff space|FULL LIST, MORE INFO
CW-space topological space arising as the underlying space of a CW-complex Completely regular space, Normal Hausdorff space, Regular Hausdorff space|FULL LIST, MORE INFO
completely regular space point and closed subset not containing it can be separated by continuous function |
compact Hausdorff space compact and Hausdorff Normal Hausdorff space, Regular Hausdorff space, Tychonoff space|FULL LIST, MORE INFO
locally compact Hausdorff space locally compact and Hausdorff Completely regular space, Regular Hausdorff space|FULL LIST, MORE INFO
paracompact Hausdorff space Normal Hausdorff space, Regular Hausdorff space|FULL LIST, MORE INFO

### Weaker properties

Property Meaning Proof of implication Proof of strictness (reverse implication failure) Intermediate notions
semiregular space regular implies semiregular
locally regular space
preregular space regular implies preregular
symmetric space

## Metaproperties

Metaproperty name Satisfied? Proof Statement with symbols
subspace-hereditary property of topological spaces Yes regularity is hereditary If  is a regular space and  is a subset of , then  is also a regular space under the subspace topology.
product-closed property of topological spaces Yes regularity is product-closed If  is a collection of regular spaces, then the product space  is also regular with the product topology.
box product-closed property of topological spaces Yes regularity is box product-closed If  is a collection of regular spaces, then the product space  is also regular with the box topology.
refining-preserved property of topological spaces No regularity is not refining-preserved It is possible to have a topological space that is regular but such that passing to a finer topology gives a topological space that is not regular.

## References

### Textbook references

• Topology (2nd edition) by James R. MunkresMore info, Page 195, Chapter 4, Section 31 (formal definition, along with normal space)
• Lecture Notes on Elementary Topology and Geometry (Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics) by I. M. Singer and J. A. ThorpeMore info, Page 28 (formal definition)